This can be done either by creating a powerful, authoritarian government which cannot be dissuaded by the majority, or by dividing the society itself into so many different classes that any single group cannot impose its own views. The later method is granted to the US Government by its constitution.
Madison says that the security of citizens will depend on the diversity of sects and interests throughout the country. A federal republic is in the interests of the citizens, since a country which consists of many states and confederacies will lead to oppression by the majority in each, and the laws of the republic grant enhanced powers and independence to a certain department or member to counteract against this oppression. He further adds that the main aim of any government is to establish justice, where both the weaker and stronger sects of society are protected and there is no oppression.
In a state where members of the majority rule and oppress the minority sects, there is a tendency to tilt the balance in favor of a power independent of either the majority or the minority.
The federal nature of the American Government guarantees that it possesses the will to deliver justice, irrespective of the power of the strong or weak sections of society. A country of many large groups will benefit by self-governance, and despite being too large to follow a federal plan, this plan can be modified to make it both possible and practical for the United States. Solutions Given by Federalist No. In Madison's own words, "Ambition must be made to counteract ambition". For example, the US President, as the head of the executive, has the power to prevent the legislature from becoming too powerful.
But if the president is found guilty of misdemeanor, i. Thus, the legislature and executive can keep each other in check. Thus, the greatest control on the departments is in the hands of the people themselves, who can remove any representative who abuses his powers.
These members keep the legislative and judiciary in their proper place, as they solve disputes regarding distribution of power between the two departments.
Members of the judiciary also cannot be impeached by the other two branches. However, the constitution has placed controls on the judiciary, by stating that their judgments are not binding on the members of either, the legislative or the executive.
It has also not given control of finances in the judiciary's hands, which is under the control of the legislative.
The main control is again, the people, as by ignoring the constitution, the members of the government risk insulting the people's respect for their constitution. The members of each are elected by the public via separate channels, keeping them independent from each other. Their contrasting powers also help keep each other in check. This way, any single faction is kept away from power. To keep this at bay, the powers of a specific member of the government can be increased proportionally, so as to impose a system of checks and balances.
Who Wrote the United States Constitution? What is the Purpose of the Constitution of the United States? Factions had been further discussed in Federalist No. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikisource. This page was last edited on 9 July , at This paper provides a few general observations intended to inform as to the reasons the government is formed as it is in the Constitution. But this cannot apply to the judiciary because judges must be chosen for their qualifications and they will be chosen for a permanent tenure, thus they should be chosen by the mode that selects the best candidates.
The permanence of their tenure insures that there will be no long term dependence on the authority selecting them. The next thought in the paper deals with human nature and how the ambitions of men in the departments of government coupled with constitutional means will be the greatest security against the loss of respective powers.
But the interest of men must also be for constitutional rights for government is administered by men. If men were angels, no government would be necessary and no internal controls required.
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Federalist No. 51 () In this Federalist Paper, James Madison explains and defends the checks and balances system in the Constitution. Each branch of government is framed so that its power checks the power of the other two branches; additionally, each branch of government is dependent on the people, who are the source of legitimate [ ].
Federalist No. 51, titled: "The Structure of the Government Must Furnish the Proper Checks and Balances Between the Different Departments", is an essay by James Madison, the fifty-first of First published: 08 Feb, The Federalist Papers Summary No Madison February 6, The conclusion from the last few papers is that the only means of maintaining in practice the partitioning of powers among the branches is through means built-in to the structure of government.
Federalist Essays No - No. 51 Summary One of the biggest criticisms of the newly proposed plan of government is that it violates the political belief that the legislative, executive and judicial and judicial branches should be separate and distinct. Federalist Paper 51 proposes a government broken into three branches: Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. Each branch should be self-sufficient, but each should have some kind of power over the other in order for them to keep each other from taking over the government.