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❶This is the second harmful aspect of selfishness. One can often see a struggling childescorted by an adult wearing Tommy Hilfiger, driving a new car.

IN RAND'S WORDS

Essay on selfishness: essay examples, topics, questions, thesis statement


If people do not take care of themselves first, they may suffer negative consequences. For example, the German philosopher, David Throug, stated that people must be selfish because they need to protect their own life.

If they truly work for others without being compensated, people would be hurt and used for others' benefits. In order to prevent self-harm, people tend to first think about how actions can help themselves. Clearly, people's actions are determined by self interest because individuals have a duty to protect themselves. Another reason is that people enjoy the most benefits when they achieve their own goals. Thus, the incentive to help others without helping themselves is almost none existent.

To illustrate, many working individuals strive to receive promotions and climb the corporate ladder. In order to achieve their own goals, they actively try to receive recognition for their work and impress the boss.

In the process of achieving his goals, a person may help others if it doesn't hurt hum and he can receive some benefit in the future. Nonetheless, people place high priority to reaching their own goals. As a result, people's actions are determined by personal goals that they set, not ones that others set. On the other hand, some people thank that the not all actions are dictated by selfish reasons.

For example, philanthropists often donate a big percentage of their wealth to help others. While the surface explanation of philanthropists' actions may seem selfless, people who help others often do so for a selfish reason.

Oftentimes, people donate money to feel good about themselves or to receive praise from their peers. Bill Gates, the famous humanitarian, once said that he chose to donate much of his vast fortune because he enjoyed the personal pleasures and recognition of helping others. Thus, even selfless actions may be driven by personal motives. In summary, arguments can be made for both sides but it is clear that people perform actions based on selfish reasons.

Individuals must take care of themselves and actively improve their own well-being. While some people may appear to be selfless, their actions are often dictated by personal desires.

So are you saying people are good? No, I did not say that. That virtue is not something we can find, and it is not something that is innate. It is something that is given Cahn Given by what you call the heavens,…… [Read More]. Children America's Schools" There has recently been much controversy regarding genes, as technology has made it possible for people to make intriguing discoveries regarding the topic and a series of individuals have come up with interesting theories concerning genes.

Individuals like Richard Dawkins have gone even further than most of their colleagues and produced revolutionary theories relating to how organisms work as machines having the task of transmitting genes to generations following them, with animal behaviors essentially being caused by genes.

Considering Dawkins' theory, one can gain a better understanding of Jonathan Kazol's book "Savage Inequalities: Children in American Schools," with memes being most likely responsible for the fact that particular groups experience a series of benefits in educational institutes across the U. Nietzsche Yes Nietzsche Committed a. He also did not consider that the attribution of goodness or perfection was not exclusive to early nobles, the Roman warrior, the Greek artist or the Jewish priest who trusted in a Messiah.

Common people and slaves always held their own beliefs in what is true and good and by their own ethical codes, believed that observing them would justify their actions and choices. What went into historical records were the experiences and opinions of the nobles, scholars and others with the skills or access to those records.

The lowly and incapable did not have that access to records, which could have taken note of their beliefs and experiences too. Nietzsche could have grounded his argument that goodness evolved almost entirely or consistently from nobles, warriors and, lately, from inventiveness but abusive Jewish priests, according to commonly accepted and extant historical records.

He should have allowed some opening for insufficiency…… [Read More]. His novel takes the position that revolutionary change is needed, is inevitable, and that a just and non-exploitive society can only come about when capitalism is eliminated. Steinbeck is reported to have made clear his intentions as he prepared to write The Grapes of Wrath.

In his words, "I want to put a tag of shame on the greedy bastards who are responsible for this" [the Great Depression and its widely destructive effects]. For example, as Dawkins speaks about how due to the results of teaching, people have come to assume that traits inherited genetically are fixed and cannot be modified Dawkins, 3.

Even though genes may program one to be selfish, one is not necessarily forced to comply with the traits he or she inherited, all the time. It would also be somewhat difficult for one to learn how to be unselfish, if he or she was not in the first place, genetically modified, to be unselfish Dawkins, 3. Unlike all animals, man is largely influenced by the environment or culture, and other influences that have been inherited from his ancestors. Some would argue that culture is such an important influence to man in that whether or not one has selfish genes, it does not matter…… [Read More].

Education and Biblical Principles in the World. Biblical principles that are related to our intellectual and spiritual education. They have a basis in the Bible both the New and the Old Testament and can be applied to our lives in many ways. Often times, as is shown in this paper, our own experiences bear out what these principles teach us. In this paper, a discussion of 10 Biblical principles and their relation to Scripture is provided.

How these principles have applied to the writer's own life is also described. Following these discussions are plans for how the ideas developed may be practically applied in life so as to give glory to God and better our own lives. The education of young students takes place not just on an intellectual level but also on a spiritual level. It is part of what character education consists of -- the formation of the mind and soul in terms of the…… [Read More].

Walden My Hope for a. I realized that so much of my anxiety and trouble resulted from things I truly didn't care about. Who was that person who cared? It was a relief to find that beneath all the anxieties of daily life, anxieties propelled by rapid turnover and cliched expectations, that I had a personality.

Beneath all the extraneous troubles, I had a conscience that would lead me where I needed to go. Consequently, the peril of too much ambition also became clear to me. So much of life is spent idealizing far off things that when present seem to do little to enrich my life. The burning question of "and then what? I knew that even if all my goals and ambitions were to be at some point acquired, there would still be that…… [Read More].

Prisoner's Dilemma and the Fight. Prisoner's Dilemma situations are more common than some might actually think they are, as most people often come across them in their daily lives. Given the fact that Axelrod has a background in political science, he observed that PD is frequently encountered in the U. Senators are accustomed to helping out their colleagues, as they are perfectly aware that their assistance will materialize in their colleagues repaying them.

The help that U. One can actually claim that reciprocity is one of the most important factors in the U. However, it appears that matters in the senate were not always like this, and, that just a few decades ago senators seemed more willing to support concepts like deceitfulness and falseness instead of assisting each-other. Surprisingly, people in the U. Senate have become…… [Read More]. Socrates vs Buddha Comparisons and.

How the respective societies responded to the various ideas? Socrates would have a dramatic impact upon society, as the various ideas he presented would become a part of the moral code that is often cited, as a part of basic sociology. A good example of this can be seen with social contract theory.

The ideas of good and justice can be directly seen with how humans react to various situations they face, either consciously or unconsciously. The underlying positive or negative experiences will shape how someone views the world around them. Those who can associate goodness and justice, to their actions will have the most positive effect, on the individual and within society. Over the centuries, this sense moral goodness has become a part of the moral standards within Western…… [Read More]. Female Ways of Identity Shaping.

In this case Ego seems at the end of her rope -- the puppet has fallen nearly to the floor and is dangling helplessly. The Emecheta images and metaphors are sometimes obvious, as this one is, but always effective.

The reader is clearly aware of Ego's initial identity, and Ego's swift feet of lightness and intensity running in the misty darkness, presents a fluid sensation -- a hoped for escape. She is running towards a new identity and when she hits the gravel road the color is of blood and water and she runs like this will be her duty forever, like someone is following her.

The image of…… [Read More]. It vs Thou Let Us. If everything is an it you end up being an it. Does this imply a cold awareness of the self as a perishable being with limited powers or does it lead you to believe you can be a perfect robot able to manipulate nature and the world according to your specific needs and desires? Being an it means having no soul. Having no soul implies being immortal. Being immortal implies that God does not exist. At that point man-it becomes the most powerful existing agent.

But reality contradicts this assumption and the failures of the man-it can do nothing more but hurt him. Furthermore, the lack of faith and the failure of reason to provide answers regarding the questions " What is the truth? Why do I exist? Having such an attitude as a life philosophy is unhealthy and very dangerous. Dawn of Civilization the Battle. Is there such a thing as retribution, though -- or at least does evil ever regret its actions.

As the story ends, Misfit seems to be thinking about goodness and probably thinking that evil is not the answer to the problems in his life. At the end of the story Misfit regrets killing Grandma, and says that "she would have been a good woman if it had been somebody there to shoot her every minute of her life.

What are these consequences, though? Loisel would not have been so determined to rise above her station and show off, or if she had been more honest and less presumptive, she would not have spent a…… [Read More]. Criminology - Theory Understanding Crime. Certainly, the reason that some individuals become criminals has to do with biological predisposition, particularly in the case of many crimes of violence.

On the other hand, circumstances, greed, desperation, and opportunity also play an undeniable role in many crimes. Social class and exposure to deviant subcultures also contributes to criminal behavior Henslin, ; Macionis, , but even so, those risk factors do not affect everyone the same; therefore, those approaches also fail to explain crime in many cases Henslin, ; Macionis, In some ways, the recent occurrences involving ernard Madoff and several other high profile white collar criminals do not seem to fit any of the traditional criminological theories other than rational choice and possibly psychological disorder.

These perpetrators were already the recipients of the considerable benefits of social class and opportunity and were already wealthy even by contemporary American definitions of wealth before resorting to crime to…… [Read More].

Benificence the Concept of Beneficence. Indeed, businesses today pride themselves upon their charitable, humanitarian and environmental efforts. Indeed, the very concept of "social" and "corporate responsibility" is built around this. Businesses today are recognizing the importance not only of functioning at an optimal profit margin, but also of doing so in a way that recognizes themselves as part of a larger and integrated whole in terms of human beings and the environment.

Kenneth Lux adds a further dimension to these ideas. Rather than directly disagreeing with Smith, as was my first instinct to do, Lux analyzes the specific elements in what Smith says and identifies a specific oversight.

Firstly, Lux notes that Smith does not give due consideration to the paradigm of cheating. Cheating is self-serving, but does not serve the public good and is certainly not beneficial for the economy. Indeed, if Smith's assertions about self-servitude were to be believed, not cheating would be…… [Read More]. Survival Theory Richard Dawkins' the. As this meme passed down through generations, it became more pervasive and it also became more complete.

When slavery in the New World began, both blacks and whites were enslaved, black slaves could gain freedom, and slavery was not a condition of birth. However, as that changed, the memes surrounding African-Americans also changed. Not only were blacks seen as not equal to whites, but they were seen as incapable of becoming equal to whites. Therefore, when Jim Crow segregation was first challenged under the Fourteenth Amendment, the Supreme Court determined that separate facilities were not inherently unequal, despite overwhelming evidence that the facilities provided for African-Americans were factually inferior to those provided for whites.

While this meme has been challenged by newer ideas and has, generally, not stood up to scientific, moral, and religious challenges, vestiges of it remain in almost every American person. As a result, many Americans, of…… [Read More]. Kidnapped Wife and the Dream. Miller's play is very similar with respect to its main theme. Joe Keller also makes an economical decision at one point in his life: As a result, twenty one of the planes crash and all the pilots die.

Thus, faithful to the American Dream of prosperity and wary of his family's finances, Joe knowingly ignores the possible consequences of his act. Years after this tragedy, Joe is still in denial, refusing to acknowledge any personal responsibility or guilt.

Thus, the structure of the play is almost identical with that of the short story previously discussed. Joe refuses to take responsibility in two situations, not just one: Los Angeles The Fiction Love. Mildred tries to imitate the economical management in her own family. Like in Faye's case, whose marriage had been a "business arrangement," her own marriage to Monty has the same business character: Mildred chooses Monty for his relations that could help her daughter to make the most of her musical talent.

Also, Mildred's other attempt in getting a husband for money is telling for the way she is constantly selling or trying to sell herself, and not only her prettiness, but also her cooking talents. The analogy between her career as a waitress, and then a restaurant manager, trying to sell food and the way Mildred tries to sell herself as a wife to ally Burgan, using the same cooking talents as a weapon, is striking.

It is here that we most clearly detect the parallel between private life and mass economy. Love, like in est's book, is nothing else…… [Read More]. In the article, entitled "Servile Disobedience," Frank states, "The rich are different from you and me T. They are ruder and less generous. They don't get what others are thinking and apparently they don't really care.

Emerson saw the United States as being infected with "selfishness, fraud and conspiracy Emerson. Galapagos the Dangers of a Self-Aware Big. Many of Vonnegut's books center around how humans believe they are the most divine creations in the universe and act from that presumption as well. The arrogance is crippling. This is a main theme in his novel, Galapagos. Yes, the end of the world may be an event that is out of humanity's control, but more than likely, humans are going to contribute to their own destruction and have no one to blame but themselves.

He values humility, compassion, and what it is to be humane, to have humane thoughts, and perform humane actions. Kurt Vonnegut writes to tell us that if humans do not become less selfish and more selfless as a species, it will be their doom. This is true for the novel Galapagos. People who lack…… [Read More]. Bell Tolls it Is a. Neither the General's instructions nor Pablo's reluctance, however deter Jordan from his commitment to the Loyalist cause.

Thus, with the aid of Pablo's courageous woman, Pilar, and his trusted guide, Anselmo, Jordan stays focused on the objective of blowing up the bridge. Indeed, Hemingway casts Jordan in the role of the archetypical war hero who is bent on accomplishing his task in spite of severe doubts over the viability of the mission and the sincerity of the Communist Loyalist leaders: Robert Jordan, therefore, is the antithesis of men like General Golz and Pablo, thereby allowing Hemmingway to highlight the difference between idealism and cynicism; selflessness and selfishness.

Besides confronting his own moral dilemmas, Jordan's mission is made more dangerous by…… [Read More]. The viewpoint being espoused expresses some wonderful ideas but fails to take into consideration the basic selfishness of man.

Expecting the kind of cooperation and dedication that would be necessary to accomplish what is being suggested in this scenario is highly idealistic. It would require the putting aside of both national interests and personal interests on a scale much larger than that necessary for the United Nations to operate.

Suggesting that this might be possible is unrealistic. In the short-term, the world's energy supply system will remain essentially as it is for the next several decades except that the demand in growth will continue due to sustained modernization in China, India and elsewhere.

This means that new sources of oil and other energy sources need to be developed alongside strides in energy efficiency.

Bernard of Clairvaux and Erich. One touching simile described by Jeanie Burton in this sermon is that of a child coming into her father's room and climbing onto his lap.

When the father asked the child what he could do for her, the child merely says, nothing, I just wanted to feel close to you, father. This is exactly what one will feel for God at this stage of loving Him. This shows one's ability to get out of one's own self in order to love God just for what He is.

This is an extremely surprising and radical viewpoint, and the fact that a theologian discovered it in the twelfth century is in itself quite amazing. Jeanie Burton, the preacher of this sermon, stated that…… [Read More]. Fault and Innocence in Tillie. Yet the reader can easily piece together this scenario: That the daughter had been shuffled out of the way in favor of romance is made evident by the fact that once she returns she is severely marginalized by her mother's relationship with her stepfather.

For example, they frequently leave this little five-year-old home alone when they go out together at night -- something that by modern standards is considered abusive. In fact, Emily is obviously traumatized by this, and becomes frightened and delusional. This overwhelming fear is made worse when her mother gives birth to a second child. When her sister is born, Emily is entirely pushed aside in favor of the newcomer.

One cannot easily justify her mother's selfishness in this case. When her…… [Read More]. Romantic Monster The Human Within. Yet, we also see that he still does not understand the true origin of the beast -- the human within. The fact that he dies before he is successful, yet the monster obviously goes off to end his own fate, indicates that the evil both originated, and eventually died with him -- the true source from which it sprang.

Although it is definitely true that Hugo's famous Quasimodo is a bit more innocuous than the Frankenstein monster, he nonetheless evokes a certain horror if only in appearance. Yet, much like in Shelley's work, Hugo brings out the monster that is human nature within the other character's interactions, motivations, and actions in the story.

There is little question that Hugo fully intended Quasimodo to evoke horror in…… [Read More]. Terrorism There Are a Number.

Fundamentally, the insurgents are fighting an enemy with superior weaponry, technology, and resources, so therefore, must seek avenues to mitigate these disadvantages. In other words, insurgent forces out vastly outdone in the traditional aspects of warfare, so they are forced to resort to unconventional modes of attack. Early in his book, the Army and Vietnam, Krepinevich provides the broad game plan an insurgent force must follow to achieve final victory: As developed by Mao in China and adapted by Giap in Vietnam, contemporary insurgency is a third world phenomenon comprising three phases: Tragedy of Commons and Clean.

The solution that Hardin proposes is that of a coercive method; as always he gives a lucid example to support the point that he proposes. Hardin reminds the reader that society mutually agreed to make it illegal to rob banks, rather than appeal to the sense of responsibility to those who wish to rob banks as a means of deterring them. Bank robbers real and potential know that very immediate consequences await them, such as police chases which could end in injuries or fatalities, jail time and other comparable results.

These consequences are real and immediate because they're reinforced by the state, the judicial system and by the police force. This form of coercion prevents more people from attempting to rob banks. Our natural resources of water need to be treated as though they're as valuable as banks filled with money. Dumping chemicals such as fertilizers, pharmaceuticals and personal care…… [Read More]. Social Psychology and the Beliefs. These ideas introduced by Freud about the psychological price paid by people living in society would later be part of the views of several other 20th century sociological…… [Read More].

Man the State and War A Theoretical. Man, the State, and War: Kenneth Neal Waltz, surveys classical and contemporary theories of the behavior of man found in the cross-discipline literature of Western civilization.

His inquiry includes the works of philosophers, anthropologists, and psychologists. The first image is that of 'Man.

The second image is "the State. The third image emphasizes international systemic factors. He depicts these factors as being in the state of "anarchy.

Ethics and Leadership Forming a. The National Policy Board for Educational Administration used the ISLLC principles for accreditation, efficiently holding educational administrative training programs accountable for not only creating pre-service instructive leaders' knowledge of moral concepts and structures but also for budding their capability to apply such ideas and structures to make moral decisions that would optimistically affect the experiences of pupils.

This is in line with the fifth criterion deals with morals, saying that "a school superintendent is an educational organizer who promotes the achievement of all pupils by acting with honesty, justice, and…… [Read More]. Being Earnest This Play Is. Jack proceeds to let the audience know "…the vital importance of Being Earnest. So this bothers critic Mary McCarthy, who complained that the play has the character of a "…ferocious idyll" and insists that the only moral alternatives offered by ilde are "selfishness and servility" Parker, By "deliberately distorting actuality" ilde is actually expressing what most people can see is a "comic version of the human condition," Parker writes in the Modern Literature Quarterly.

Parker explains that though McCarthy is using standards that don't really fit with a farcical play particularly in that era , she may be onto something with her assertion that the play is about selfishness because indeed the…… [Read More]. Pope and Swift Satirists of Their Day. Swift and Pope's An Epistle to Arbuthnot, the authors seem to vindicate their use of satire, while satirizing others. Alexander Pope, in his preface to An Epistle to Arbuthnot, identifies the motivation of the poem as a response to attacks on his "Person, Morals, and Family" and to give "truer information" of himself Pope Pope warns readers that many would recognize allusions to them in it, "but I have, for the most part spar'd their Names, and they may escape being laugh'd at" Pope Swift and published it almost a decade later in After his friend Esther Johnson died, the theme of death "became a frequent feature in Swift's life" Wikipedia, Boy Nicholas Hornby's About a Boy centers on the relationship between year-old ill and year-old Marcus.

The novel is based, in part, on author Hornby's experiences teaching groups of "alienated kids" in Cambridge, England which adds to the palpable reality of the emotions in the story Knowles Both of the two males exist along on the margins of society, neither performing up to his potential because of a combination of laziness and fear, coupled with a dysfunctional home life which separates them from the majority.

Marcus, on the other hand, has been more or less forced into the margins of society because of his mother, his lack of a father, and a less than traditional upbringing. These men, or soon to be…… [Read More]. This land that can be reached by Peter Pan's nonsensical directions, "second to the right, and then straight on till morning" arrie 24 , represents an upside-down world where the codes of Victorian England can be deeply analyzed and challenged.

Moreover, arrie illustrates the unjust roles that women are forced to play through the context of the story's matriarch, Wendy Darling. From knowledge of arrie's personal life and his usage of subtle, yet potent symbols…… [Read More]. Christ Was and How it Relates to. There are many different types of Christians, including aptists, Catholics, Evangelicals, and Lutherans. This is not an example of three Gods tri-theism , nor is it an example of one God changing forms modalism.

Instead, to Christians, God has eternally existed as one essence with three persons. Since Christ is the second person of the Trinity, Christians believe that Christ has eternally existed as well. Jesus Christ was "God with skin on.

Tune With the Infinite Or Fullness of. Tune with the Infinite: Specifically, it will report on the book, giving an overview of the book with some mention of the key ideas in each chapter, and finishing with a positive conclusion. There is a golden thread that runs through every religion in the world. There is a golden thread that run through the lives and the teachings of all the prophets, seers, sages, and saviours in the world's history, through the lives of all and women of truly great and lasting power.

All that they have ever done or attained to has been done in full accordance with law. What one has done, all may do. This same golden thread must enter into the lives of all who today,…… [Read More]. Not only is the phrase self-love used as synonymous with the desire of happiness, but it is often confounded with the word selfishness, which certainly, in strict propriety, denotes a very different disposition of mind. The light is mainly on the main character, Okonkwo, who begins his search for self-perfection at a very young age.

He was highly unimpressed with his father and vowed to never to be like him. Okonkwo and his family suffered through trying times but he eventually beat the odds and was very successful as the leader of the tribe.

However, on beating his wives, he disobeyed the gods by refusing to offer animal sacrifice. The gods gave him a severe punishment. He was extremely selfish…… [Read More]. Spiritual but Not Religious An. These values might seem obvious to some, but they are actually values which so many religious institutions may preach, but not practice at all in their religious thought.

Ultimately, those who view themselves as spiritual but not religious don't feel that faith can be shoved into scientific or empiricitic frameworks, and these same individuals reject the notion that all is real and can be known: Many people who ascribe to this belief system truly do believe that there are secular movements in the world today which have similar spiritual foundations, but that many of these religious movements are just out of touch with those foundations NSP, Dante One of the Great Ironies of.

Dante One of the great ironies of Dante's Inferno is the centrality of earth-bound fame, moral reputation, praise and blame. The importance of reputation would seem to contradict Virgil's efforts in leading Dante through Purgatory to impart a more meaningful moral message. Yet it is important to remember that Dante travels alive; Virgil's lessons are instructive in a direct and practical manner. Dante ascertains life lessons from those he encounters in the afterlife, so that he may improve his prospects for earthbound fame.

The importance of fame seems paradoxical when considered in light of the transitory nature of existence. However, Purgatory presents the consequences of a poor public relations scheme. Investment in moral reputation has the potential to strengthen The Divine Comedy's overarching pretensions, by linking the importance of one's earthly life to the life beyond.

Dante makes it clear that reputation does not necessarily have to be pristine to…… [Read More]. Business Ethics the Organization Should Take a.

Business Ethics The organization should take a position that it is okay to pursue its actions on the issue. Hartman makes the point that the business, and the people within the business, should follow a path that emphasizes selfishness.

This selfishness is an expression of individual liberty and should not be constrained by the wishes of others, so long as the actions do not harm others. Given that actions are apt to have unpredictable and unknown outcomes, the only reasonable response is either to never do anything, or to do what you need to do. The company should have, however, an ethical code that helps to guide decisions.

It not reasonable that the organization should approach a complex ethical dilemma with an ad hoc system of solutions, but rather it should focus on developing a system by which managers within the company should know what their course of action…… [Read More]. What is autocratic leadership? Retrieved December 6, from http: What is servant leadership? Intrinsic motivation at work: Building energy and commitment. How Are We To Live? Bibliography Bartone, P, Barry, C. Leader Influence on Mental Hardiness.

Defense Horizons, 69 Testing theories of fairness and reciprocity -- intentions matter.


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Selfishness in Ywain the Knight of the Lion Essay Words | 9 Pages Selfishness in Ywain the Knight of the Lion In Chretien de Troyes' Ywain the Knight of the Lion, there appears a substantial amount of writing about noble men and women, and noble deeds.

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Yet, the mostdestructive is selfishness. People think, work and make decisions based only onwhat they want. People live as if the effects of their decisions are notimportant. Selfishness Essays: Over , Selfishness Essays, Selfishness Term Papers, Selfishness Research Paper, Book Reports. ESSAYS, term and research papers available for UNLIMITED access.

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The thoroughly selfish man aims at obtaining as much hap­piness as he can for himself and does not care whether other People are happy or miserable. In order to attain this object, he tries to appropriate as large a share as possible of the good things of this world. The Selfish Giant Essay. June 29th, The Selfish Giant In short story, The Selfish Giant, there are many literary elements construed. Though the paper is meant for the eyes of children, there are many motifs that the adult eye can spot.