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❶Literary Criticism of Oscar Wilde.


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Wilde published his first volume of poetry in A few years later he married, and embarked on successful lecture tours of the United States, Canada, and Great Britain.

In the s, Wilde and his family settled in London, where he continued to crusade for aestheticism as a book reviewer and as the editor of the periodical Lady's World, whose name he immediately changed to Woman's World. During this period of creativity, Wilde met and became infatuated with Lord Alfred Douglas, son of the Marquess of Queensbury. His relationship with Douglas, the Marquess's violent disapproval of this relationship, and his own ill-advised legal action against the Marquess scandalized London.

He continued to write during his two years in prison. Upon his release, however, Wilde was generally either derided or ignored by literary and social circles.

At the time of his death in , the scandal associated with Wilde led most commentators to discuss him diffidently, if at all.

While critical response no longer focuses so persistently on questions of morality, Wilde's life and personality still incite fascination. Biographical studies and biographically oriented criticism continue to dominate Wilde scholarship.

Wilde arrived at his greatest success through the production of four plays in the s. They are distinctively Wildean for the epigrams and witticisms delivered at frequent intervals a show of rhetoric which often brings the action of the drama to a standstill.

A fourth play, The Importance of Being Earnest , marked the height of Wilde's popularity and is considered his best and most characteristic drama. Bypassing the more realistic characters and situations of its predecessors, The Importance of Being Earnest forms the apogee of Victorian drawing-room farce.

Its stylish characters, stylized dialogue, and elegant artificiality are for many readers and critics the ultimate revelation of Wilde's identity as both man and author. Wilde's plays have been popular with both audiences and critics, who praise his humorous and biting satire of English manners at the turn of the twentieth century.

Analysis of sexuality in his work have been a rich area for critical discussion, as commentators investigate the role of androgyny and homosexuality in his comedies. Possible influences on and sources for his work has been another subject for critical study. Commentators on Wilde have also come to stress the intellectual and humanist basis of his plays. Traditionally, critical evaluation of Wilde's work has been complicated, primarily because his works have to compete for attention with his sensational life.

This, in fact, is the beginning of criticism. Oscar Wilde's Refashioning of Society Comedy. Her acute observations of London Society disclose that this Sexual Politics in Wilde's Comedies. Mr Tree is a wicked Lord, staying in a country house, who has made up his mind to bugger one of the other guests—a handsome young man of twenty. The handsome young man is delighted; when his mother enters, sees his Lordship and recognises him as having copulated with her twenty years before, We live in an age of interpretation, a fact that is constantly mentioned in the theatrical journals.

Some think that it has always been this way, that there never has been representation without mediation; others, like the director Jonathan Miller, that the power of interpretation is a recent phenomenon with complex origins.

The degree of popular favor that has attended the performances of Oscar Wilde's five-act tragedy Guido Ferranti at the Broadway Theatre must be attributed to the effective theatrical quality of certain scenes, rather than to the poetic charm or power or dramatic interest of the work as a whole.

Apart from the fact that it is written in smooth blank-verse, and contains isolated passages of indisputable imagination and vigor, it is nothing but an old-fashioned Wilde for a straightforward comedy which professes no purpose but comedy's best and truest—to entertain. We shall not be suspected of any great sympathy with the methods and the feats of Mr.

In this journal we have always disclaimed respect for the forms of charlatanism in which it has pleased him to indulge, and which he would, we suspect, be about the first himself to admit.

But a charlatan may be a man of conspicuous ability; and on the withdrawal from Review of Lady Windermere's Fan. The faults and merits of Mr. In addition to flowers, Paul's interest in dress and his dress itself can easily be seen as a sign of his homosexuality. Like the flowers, however, it can also quite easily be explained as a characteristic and symbol of his difference. In contrast to the…… [Read More].

Old When the Music of. For me, that afternoon was like a raid siren in the dead of the night as I could see Allen Ginsberg's poetry come to life in front of my eyes; also, I am positive that afternoon changed my perception not only of poetry, but of art in general. I became interested in the life of the artist, and the period of time a particular piece of art was created.

I can now look back and attempt to accurately evaluate the impact of Ginsberg's work on my life. Nonetheless, I am not sure how objective I can be in this assessment. Since Ginsberg has become an integrated part of my system of thought and belief, it is quite difficult to separate myself from what I believe in, and evaluate my own mind.

What I can say though is that thanks to his poetry, I was able to get a more profound…… [Read More]. Edgar Allen Poe the Controversial. Such evidence as there is can be taken up at a later time. But of one thing we can be sure. I am blinded with tears while writing this letter-- I have no wish to live another hour. Amid sorrow, and the deepest anxiety your letter reached -- and you well know how little I am able to bear up under the pressure of grief -- My bitterest enemy would pity me could he now read my heart -- My last my only hold on life is cruelly torn away -- I have no desire to live and will not but let my duty be done.

I love, you know I love Virginia passionately devotedly. I cannot…… [Read More]. Doll's House Is a Three-Act. But my dear Nora, you have just told me all your troubles. We see Torvald's side of the deception in Act Three after he learns of Nora's forgery and Krogstad's ability to expose her.

The conversations Thorvald has had during the previous two Acts show us that he is really only attracted to Nora because of her beauty and the social status that will glean him in society.

He notes, "From now on, forget happiness. Now it's just about saving the remains, the wreckage, the appearance," showing us that all he really cares about it he own social status and reputation, naught for Nora. Essentially, Nora's forgery is the epitome of their disenfranchised and…… [Read More].

Jekyll and Hyde A Gothic. However, unlike in earlier gothic works, there is no allusion to priests or monks as players on the side of "evil.

Jekyll, acting on the doctrine of Rousseau, which is to follow one's "nature," unmoors himself from the restraints traditionally made available by religious conviction. Jekyll, being a man of science, rather than of theology, puts to test the doctrine that divorced the old world from the new, and what he finds is that the doctrine is not good. Health Care Disparity in Maryland. Review of the Literature in Chapter II, the researcher explores information accessed from researched Web sites; articles; books; newspaper excerpts; etc.

The researcher initially accessed and reviewed more than 35 credible sources to narrow down the ones noted in the reference section in this study. The literature review chapter presents a sampling of literature to support the research questions this study addresses. This chapter also presents the overall methods and techniques the researcher implemented to conduct this study. Manager the Introduction Describe -Development Important.

The importance of self-development in becoming a manager Self-development is defined first and foremost as an overall holistic desire to find one's freedom and the desire to connect with one's self and own sense of worth, integrity and happiness so as to enjoy abundant happiness both at home and at work.

This definition…… [Read More]. Lady in the Water the Major. The names of the major characters in the film such as Story and Healer obviously represent the ideas, as well as the virtues, that they are named after. Further contributing to this theme in the film is the fact that this movie is based upon a children's story.

An immense body of literature exists that demonstrates that several children's stories, and several elements in such tales, are allegorical and representative of ideas that may be too advanced for an author to directly address in literature for young people Luthra As such, the two principle rhetorical devices that Shyamalan employs to deliver his own messages in Lady in the ater is symbolism and the unique role he gives to each of his characters, who represent various symbolic concepts.

Collectively, the…… [Read More]. Fabianism and Social Democracy. Fabianism and Social Democracy Fabianism and social justice Fabianism was an early form of socialism that was espoused by many 19th century intellectuals, including George Bernard Shaw and Oscar Wilde.

The 19th century was an era of tremendous social injustice. Capitalism was virtually unregulated, and it was not unusual for men and women to work ten hour days or more. Child labor was widespread. It was accepted that there would be a chasm between the haves and have-nots, in terms of income, rights, and quality of life. One response to this state of injustice was Marxism or a vision of a classless society after a violent overthrow of the ruling classes.

In contrast, the Fabian brand of socialism was a gradualist vision, which viewed reform from within as the best method of realizing social justice. Fabians believed that by agitating for the rights of the working classes, women, and oppressed…… [Read More]. To choose a convenient and current example, when Justin Bieber sings about his "baby," listeners are not meant to hear any kind of deliberate allusion to the Supremes' "Baby Love" or any other previous songs which include "Baby" as part of their lyrical hook: Bieber's charming faux-naivete cannot be mistaken for anything other than a rhetorical willingness to utilize the regular tropes and language of a standard love song.

But with some performers, the matter of originality -- together with the question of influence -- is one that must be addressed. I would like to look, in this context, at the work of Stefani Germanotta, the twenty-four-year-old singer and composer better known by her stage name "Lady Gaga.

Role of Spirituality in the Treatment of Depression. No matter how religion and spirituality are defined -- and many scholars and laypersons see no great distinctions between the two -- there are now hundreds of studies that demonstrate the beneficial effects of religion on both mental and physical health. Indeed, the more firmly held and intrinsic a person's religious convictions are, the more salutary the effect. All of these qualities are of course lacking…… [Read More]. Viderunt Omnes by Protin.

Perotin's "Viderunt Omnes" My fascination with Perotin's "Viderunt Omnes" -- the aspect of the piece which intrigued me enough to select it for this exercise -- begins and ends with one name -- not that of Perotinus Magnus as you might suspect but that of contemporary composer Steve Reich.

If we approach the aesthetics of music from a perspective that is informed by Harold Bloom's approach to the aesthetics of literature, a critical approach that has been exemplified by for example John Fallas suggesting that the creation of Schoenberg's Serial Technique was a sort of Modernist revolutionary break with past aesthetics[footnoteRef: Art and the Humanities. The impulse to create as a means of personal expression and to stimulate the imagination of viewers is universal and perpetual.

In their various manifestations, the arts play an important role in defining culture by presenting intelligent viewpoints of our present state of being, and by serving as a record of our past. The visual arts are a repository of those qualitative dimensions of life, which enhance our consciousness through the use of visual imagery. The most exquisite expression of the self is through art, be it literature, history theatre, painting, sculptor and so on. From the wondrous Egyptian pyramids to the majestic statue of liberty, from eloquent Greek writer Homer - who produced masterpieces like the Odyssey - to 20th century literati like Palestinian journalist Edward Said -…… [Read More].

The image of the rake-hero is of a witty, cynical, calculating, and self-serving man who pursues his own pleasure above all other considerations. Antagonistic to established rules and mores, the rake rejects conventional ideas of virtue, integrity, fidelity, restraint; above all he adopts a rhetorical position of opposition to the institution of marriage.

However, it is significant that in most plays which feature a rake-hero in a prominent role, he becomes reconciled to the concept of marriage and ends up either actually married or firmly committed to marriage. It is the contention of this paper that first, it is overly simplistic to see the rake as irredeemably opposed to marriage, and that the relationship between such figures and the institution of wedlock is…… [Read More].

Money The Adolescent Perspective as Depicted in. The adolescent perspective as depicted in the short stories of Joyce, Faulkner, and Cather The search for higher social status as a form of personal fulfillment and self-definition all mark the coming-of-age stories of James Joyce, illiam, Faulkner, and illa Cather, despite the distinct differences between the three male protagonists created by the authors in their seminal short stories "Araby," "Barn Burning," and "Paul's Case.

Because these aspirations are also often connected to sexual desires, this fall from grace is particularly difficult for the young men to tolerate. In "Araby," the young male protagonist becomes enamored with a young woman who seems innocent, above his own class, and charming. Depictions of Gay Desire in Maurice. Sexuality and Stigma in Cinema: Gay and Transgender Representation According to the sociological theorist Erving Goffman, to bear a 'stigma' is to viewed by society as abnormal.

Until relatively recently, people in estern society who possessed same-sex desire were stigmatized as 'homosexuals' and deemed to be deviant. The films Maurice and the Naked Civil Servant show two different responses to stigmatization: However, both men ultimately strive to reconfigure society's stigmatized attitude into something more positive and it may be…… [Read More].

Katherine Mansfield Early Works Later Works and Themes Kathleen Mansfield Murry, commonly known by her penname Katherine Mansfield, was born in the late nineteenth century and only lived to be thirty-four years of age. Her early death was due to the effects of tuberculosis on her body. During her lifespan however, she was able to write a variety of short fiction stories in the modernist genre. Her works gave her a great deal of notoriety during her life and her first published stores appeared in a publication known as the High School eporter.

From publications in periodicals like the New Age through the five volumes of stories published before her death, Mansfield was recognized as innovative, accessible, and psychologically acute, one of the pioneers of the avant-garde in the creation of the short story Poetry Foundation. She had an interesting personal life and was born into a prominent family.

Being Earnest of the Four. The unlikelihood and seeming un-reality of each step in this situation is completely absurd, but it is this absurdism that drives the play. This strain can also be seen in the opening scene, as part of the same champagne discussion.

Algernon asks Lane why the servants always drink the wine in bachelor's households. Lane absurdly and dryly misinterprets the question, saying "I attribute it to the superior quality of the wine, sir. I have often observed that in married households the champagne is rarely of a first-rate brand.

The Importance of Being Earnest. Reznal and Hitchcock, A Collection of Critical Essays. Biography of the author of The Importance of Being Earnest. Stanford University Press, Clausson, Nils Culture and Corruption": Southern Illinois University at Edwardsville Fall Online available at http: Society and subversion in the plays of Oscar Wilde.

Accessed on March 4, Reference List Foster, R. College English, 18 1: The Unmasking of Oscar Wilde. Oscar Wilde quotes www.

Three Ways of Knowing: The Nightingale and the Rose. Works Cited Diaz, Juan. The Quarterly Conversation, Works Cited Dickinson, Emily. The Portrait of Dorian Grey.

The Decay of Lying was first published in ; the Golden Stair is from The Picture of Dorian Gray. Simon and Schuster, Heart of Darkness and The Secret Sharer. Harmon, William and Hugh Holman. A Handbook to Literature: Prentice Hall Publishing, Works Cited Parker, D. Oscar Wild's Great Farce: Modern Literature Quarterly, 35 2 , Retrieved June 28, , from http: Literature Drama View Full Essay.

Works Cited Barry, Peter. An Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory. Manchester University Press, University of Southern California Press, Works Cited Clausson, Nils. Works Cited Monk, Richard C. Sense and Nonsense About Crime and Drugs: Works Cited Edwards, H. The Sensitive Art of Pricing. Building a New Pricing Strategy. Minority Business Entrepreneur, 34, 36, On Differentiation and Positioning. Customer Inter ction Solutions, 1.

The Paradox of Oscar Wilde. Works Cited Wilde, Oscar. Works Cited Austen, Jane. Routledge, Hostetler, Andrew. Culture, sexual life ways and developmental subjectivities: Greek Culture View Full Essay. Works Cited Aldrich, Robert. The Seduction of the Mediterranean: Writing, Art, and Homosexual Fantasy. Eye on the Flesh: Fashions of Masculinity in the Early Twentieth Century.

Oxford University Press, Seventh Edition, Volume 2. Norton and Company, Literary Criticism of Oscar Wilde. Works Cited Guillory, John. University of Chicago Press, Between Canon and Literature.

The New Centennial Review. Messent, Peter, and Louis Budd. A companion to Mark Twain. Gale Encyclopedia of Psychology, second edition. Gale Group, 2. The Psychology of Homosexuality.

Wilde is known to have had a flamboyant personality and a burning passion for art and during his career he became t. Born in Dublin in , Oscar Wilde was the son of prominent and affluent parents; when he was nine, his father received a knighthood.

Wilde's social class would be strongly determining not only of his targets for satire, but of a casual extravagance in matters of romance that would contribute to his downfall. His romance also came from his mother. She was born plain Jane, but because she lived to.

The philosophical foundations of Aestheticism were formulated in the eighteenth century by Immanuel Kant, who spoke for the autonomy of art.

Art was to exist for its own sake, for its own essence or beauty. The artist was not to be concerned about morality or utility or even the pleasure that a work might bring to its audience. Aestheticism was supported in Germany by J.

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A collection of essays, lectures, reviews, letters, and aphorisms by Oscar Wilde: Art and the Handicraftsman» An essay on art - There is no opposition to beauty except ugliness: all things are either beautiful or ugly.

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“Oscar Wilde's Great Farce: The Importance of Being Earnest. ” Modern Literature Quarterly 35, no. 2 (June ): [ In the following essay, Parker offers a thematic and stylistic examination of The Importance of Being Earnest and places it within the context of nineteenth- and twentieth-century farces.

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Free Oscar Wilde papers, essays, and research papers. Oscar Wilde was born on October 16, to Sir William Wilde and Jane Wilde, the second of three children. Wilde studied at Oxford, and joined the Freemasons in after failing to join the Oxford Union.

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oscar wildeOscar Wilde The son of the surgeon Sir William Wilde and the writer Jane Wilde was born in Dublin, Irland His name was Oscar Wilde. He became well educated and he moved to London to study at Magdalen collage. He was well known for his wit and his rare way to dress. When Continue reading "oscar wildeOscar Wilde". Oscar Wilde was a famous author and a playwright of the late 19th century. He is remembered for penning the much acclaimed book 'The Picture of Dorian Grey' and .