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06. Ethical Considerations

What are ethical considerations?

❶Although causality can generally not be inferred from observational studies, in some instances in which the hazard and remedy are clear, observational studies may be sufficient for devising preventive strategies, as in the case of window guards to prevent falls from windows see Chapter 2.


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Since expert judgement is relevant in the recognition and understanding of relevant factors and their interplay, combined expertise is essential. In this joint endeavour, what ethicists can contribute on the basis of the ethical theory and work in applied ethics is help in understanding the complex ways in which integrative judgements can be made, criticised and justified.

Ethics contains statement about what is good or bad, what ought or ought not be done and the grounds for those assertions. For instance, researchers ought, ethically, to seek consent from people to use their genetic information in research because doing so respects their autonomy and freedom to choose.

Or, on the other hand, researchers should be free to use coded genetic information in research without consent because that will enable more information to be used and better research to be conducted. As a result, all members of society, including those whose information is used, will benefit.

These statements are often called normative statements—they are statements about how, and why, people should behave. Acting to achieve the best outcome is, on the other hand, a justification based on consequences and not on principles.

Much of the content of this chapter uses normative statements. The chapter describes the range of ethical considerations that are likely to be drawn on in making and justifying decisions about genetic information. The regulatory responses recommended in this Report to protect genetic information reflect a balance among these considerations.

What are ethical considerations? Ethical questions of any nature are largely philosophical; hence, they can differ depending on the person holding them. However, general terms cast ethics as the philosophically driven effort to find the best way of living, not only to create personal happiness but to limit the discomfort or harm done others.

Thus ethical considerations influence many decisions, including information delivery. For example, the Australian Law Reform Commission suggests that improperly or inconsiderately releasing genetic information regarding disease can be profoundly damaging. Therefore, the autonomy of the person involved, along with their need and wish to know their genetic susceptibilities, must be ethically considered by health professionals.

In cases of primary academic research, Purdue University emphasizes gaining the consent of test subjects as a paramount ethical consideration, particularly if law and practice determine it necessary. Additionally, researchers are often directed to limit their subjective responses to enhance opportunities for impartiality. In business, ethical considerations apply to a broad list of virtues that companies, their managers and employees customarily seek to adopt.

These include, but are not limited to, the encouragement of honesty, integrity and efficiency, as well as diversity and communication skills. About Us Contact Us. Search Community Search Community. Ethical Considerations The purpose of this module is to overview ethical issues that should be considered when designing and conducting research. Describe the purpose of the the Institutional Review Board.

List and explain the ethical issues that must be considered when using human subjects. The ethics of educational research Vol. Ethical Issues in Online Course Design: Negotiating Identity, Privacy, and Ownership. Selected Papers of Internet Research , 3.

Do IRBs protect human research participants?. The Journal of the American Medical Association , 10 , Research methods in social relations.

Issues, Methods and Research. Ethical considerations in qualitative research. Western Journal of Nursing Research , 10 2 , Evaluating the science and ethics of research on humans: Research Tutorials Why Research? Page Options Share Email Link. Share Facebook Twitter LinkedIn. Pinning this post will make it stay at the top of its channel and widgets.

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Identify ethical considerations. Describe the purpose of the the Institutional Review Board. List and explain the ethical issues that must be considered when using human subjects. Ethical considerations in research are critical. Ethics are the norms or standards for conduct that distinguish between right and wrong.

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Ethical Considerations can be specified as one of the most important parts of the research. Dissertations may even be doomed to failure if this part is missing. According to Bryman and Bell () [1] the following ten points represent the most important principles related to ethical considerations in dissertations.

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ETHICAL RESEARCH USING ANIMALS Why Use Animals in Research? ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS IN RESEARCH 4 ethical researchers do not present the work of others as their own, or do not fail to give appropriate credit for the work of others through citations. Institutional Approval. In any case, a course in research ethics can be useful in helping to prevent deviations from norms even if it does not prevent misconduct. Education in research ethics is can help people get a better understanding of ethical standards, policies, and issues and improve ethical judgment and decision making.

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Ethical Considerations in Social Work Research with Multiracial Individuals Kelly F. Jackson, MSW, PhD, social work’s ethical obligation to develop Wardle, ). Unfortunately social work research efforts to understand the identity of this diverse group have been minimal. This is discerning since the. Research ethics are the set of ethics that govern how scientific and other research is performed at research institutions such as universities, and how it is disseminated. This page explains more about research ethics, and how you can ensure that your research is .