Put yourself in their shoes. Homework, when coupled with overcoming dyslexia, is no small task for either child or parent.
Welcome mistakes as teachable moments. Trying something and failing gives us valuable information. Mistakes are often how we learn. It helps develop resilience, something successful dyslexics have mastered. Customize techniques for your child.
Do your homework, too. Prepare for the homework session by checking in ahead of time on the subject matter. This especially helpful for math assignments. YouTube is a wonderful resource for a three minute refresher or intro to the latest curriculum. For example, offering your child a piece of gum to chew, the option to sit on a yoga ball, or to stand rather than sitting in a chair. Invite your child to pace around the room while brainstorming aloud for a writing assignment, or provide a rubber band they can fidget with to facilitate an outlet for their need to move.
Do some silly stretches, think calisthenics, with an emphasis on crossing midline to help bilateral integration, which means using both sides of the body at the same time. For children distracted by noise, offer a quiet place, or allow them to put on some noise canceling headphones.
Give yourself permission to ask for help. Whether from another parent, a teacher, a tutor, a friend, or even an online dyslexia support group, sometimes you need help as well. You're doing a great job with your child, you also need to stay motivated. Start the homework sessions with a hug. I so needed this, after last nights homework session.. I need this also because i myself find difficulty in dealing such behavior in my class and for future application.
When homework is set, it is important to check that the child correctly writes down exactly what is required. Try to ensure that the appropriate worksheets and books are with the child to take home.
Then, if there is any doubt over homework, they can ring up and check, rather than worry or spend time doing the wrong work. Make sure that messages and day to day classroom activities are written down, and never sent verbally. Make a daily check list for the pupil to refer to each evening.
Encourage good organizational skills by the use of folders and dividers to keep work easily accessible and in an orderly fashion. Break tasks down into small easily remembered pieces of information. If visual memory is poor, copying must be kept to a minimum. Notes or handouts are far more useful. Seat the child fairly near the class teacher so that the teacher is available to help if necessary, or he can be supported by a well-motivated and sympathetic classmate. Copying from the blackboard.
Use different colour chalks for each line if there is a lot of written information on the board, or underline every second line with a different coloured chalk. Ensure that the writing is well spaced. A structured reading scheme that involves repetition and introduces new words slowly is extremely important.
This allows the child to develop confidence and self esteem when reading. Motivation is far better when demands are not too high, and the child can actually enjoy the book.
If he has to labour over every word he will forget the meaning of what he is reading. Reserve this for a quiet time with the class teacher.
Alternatively, perhaps give the child advanced time to read pre-selected reading material, to be practiced at home the day before. This will help ensure that the child is seen to be able to read out loud, along with other children Real books should also be available for paired reading with an adult, which will often generate enthusiasm for books.
Story tapes can be of great benefit for the enjoyment and enhancement of vocabulary. No child should be denied the pleasure of gaining access to the meaning of print even if he cannot decode it fully. Remember reading should be fun. Many of the normal classroom techniques used to teach spellings do not help the dyslexic child. All pupils in the class can benefit from structured and systematic exposure to rules and patterns that underpin a language.
Spelling rules can be given to the whole class. Words for class spelling tests are often topic based rather than grouped for structure. If there are one or two dyslexics in the class, a short list of structure-based words for their weekly spelling test, will be far more helpful than random words. Three or four irregular words can be included each week, eventually this should be seen to improve their free-writing skills.
All children should be encouraged to proof read, which can be useful for initial correction of spellings. Dyslexics seem to be unable to correct their spellings spontaneously as they write, but they can be trained to look out for errors that are particular to them.
Remember, poor spelling is not an indication of low intelligence. Maths has its own language, and this can be the root of many problems. General mathematical terminology words need to be clearly understood before they can be used in calculations, e. Dyslexic students may have special difficulties with aspects of maths that require many steps or place a heavy load on the short-term memory, e. The value of learning the skills of estimation cannot be too strongly stressed for the dyslexic child.
Use and encourage the use of estimation. The child should be taught to form the habit of checking his answers against the question when he has finished the calculation, i. When using mental arithmetic allow the dyslexic child to jot down the key number and the appropriate mathematical sign from the question. Encourage pupils to verbalize and to talk their way through each step of the problem. Set dates for working on little tasks related to the paper, like picking a topic, doing research and writing a first draft.
Give yourself enough time to work slowly and carefully. Use this free time to get a head start on the work you need to turn in later. Outline a task before you start. For a science project on plant growth, what materials will you need to gather?
How many days will you have to allow for the beans to sprout? How long will it take you to write up your results? Avoid multiple choice-tests; instead request tests that are based on short essays. Embrace Simple Tools Make flash cards to help you remember everything from math formulas to historic facts to vocabulary words.
Breaking down content into these smaller chunks rather than trying to tackle everything on an entire sheet or in a book chapter will make studying far less overwhelming. And you can use your flash cards as a portable study guide to keep on hand and quiz yourself whenever you have a few minutes to spare.
Work in a quiet place with few distractions. Ear plugs or noise-canceling headphones can help to block out noises that compete for your attention. Give yourself visuals and models to work from. Use diagrams for capturing the structure of a story or for remembering the animal kingdom; use highlighters or color-coding to bring out the main ideas in your notes, drafts or worksheets; create symbols, initials or doodles to help you remember concepts.
Think of it as a high-tech version of flash cards. Some computers, like Macs, also have a computerized voice that can read your PowerPoint slides back to you.
While accommodations are often used in school to help students with dyslexia complete their work, this is rarely done with homework. Teachers need to be aware that it is easy to overburden and overwhelm a child with dyslexia by expecting the same amount of homework to be completed in the same amount of time as the students without dyslexia.
In one of the largest surveys of Dyslexic school children across the United States to date (Dyslexia at School Survey, Dyslexic Advantage), an overwhelming majority (76%) reported that their public school students were routinely assigned work they couldn’t possibly complete. 1/2 of these students are in elementary school.
Many students with dyslexia take twice as much time to complete assignments than the average student. What’s more, they may retain less when finished. Homework tips for children with dyslexia The British Dyslexia Association shares tips to help make doing homework a calm and productive process for your dyslexic child. Homework can be a frustrating and upsetting experience for dyslexic children and their parents on a daily basis.
Homework support for a child with dyslexia adds another item to the ever expanding to-do list of family responsibilities. Our children spend the greater part of their lives at school, and homework time often determines how . Sep 06, · Parents of Dyslexic students will often set up a homework environment that they believe will help their child focus on their homework. Their good intentions however can actually make it more difficult for their child to get their homework done.