In the past mothers just stayed at home and taking care of the family, rising their children and they were not allowed to work. Work helping mothers to build their identities away from their families and it gives her confidence, stability and a chance to communicate with society. Nowadays, the percentage of working mothers is increasing very fast which has caused to them some difficulties to balance or manage their time between their career and family responsibilities.
In addition, Wladi mentioned that in the percentage of working mothers was 8. These statistics were taken when their child under 18 years old, This essay will argue that working mothers should be supported by their families and governments by setting some laws or suggestion to support and help them to make their career and family life easier and more flexible.
Working mothers are the most influential group in society, and by being employer they affect their children positively, themselves and relationships with their families. Working mothers benefit their children. In recent years working mothers have a good effects on their children in many ways.
The kids whose mothers worked when they were younger than 3 were later good in school and have a few problems with depression however, the working mothers with full- time job their child between 1 or 2 years old will have an academic score problem than kids whose their mothers part time Luscombe, In addition, there are beneficial effects on children.
Also working in part time job helps mothers to get some rest and not feel stress. According to Meikle, there are a lot of positive sides for young children if their mothers work especially girls. Daughters of working mothers are more independent than others. Meikle said there is no damaging effects on children social and emotional feelings if their mothers work during their early years.
On the other hand, boys whose mother was responsible for the household had more difficulties at the age of five than those living with two working parents Meikle, However, young children will exhibit more bad behavior if someone else taking care of them instead of their parents likes baby sitter or nanny.
Working mothers benefit themselves. In addition, working mothers benefit themselves. According to Bindley, working moms are happier than home moms because working mothers are healthier and less prone to depression. In other words Larowe, n. The first one of the most two important reasons is, the job grants mothers the chance to live out their ambition because if their purpose of motherhood is unfulfilled, mothers may feel unsatisfied and even resentful.
Secondly, through work mothers can have financial control which make them feel confident and gives her the right to make financial choices for her family. In addition, the job helps her to create a good social connection and less feeling lonely. Labor force mothers are more independent and confident, happier, healthier, aware and have more chance to communicate with society.
On the other hand, Ruth, also showed statistics about rapid growth in number of young working mothers, in only 12 percent of married woman with their baby under the age of six were worked outside the home and by this percentage growth to more than 50 percent. In addition, by , 31 percent of mothers returns to their job and their child did not complete a year after birth and in this figure increased to 48 percent.
He point out that needing self-esteem, higher living costs and lower wages and provide the education for children are the cause of this huge increase. Staying at home for mothers led then to have more stress, pressure, unhappiness and anger. By being employee they became away from daily rotten that is because they meet different people every day and go to different places and that is helping them to change their mood.
Working mothers benefits the relationship with family. Working for mothers tend to create a good relationships with family members and husband.
Fathers should spend more time with their children because they spend most of time in work. For this reason, working mothers who has the same salary as their husband can share the work time with them to allow their husbands to have more time with children Gentleman, Working mothers help to reduce the financial pressure on husbands.
On the other, hand husbands can help their wives, such as taking care of the children when they are in work. This connection helps to lower burden on both because it creating cooperation which lead to solving problems and raising their children more effectively.
When both of them work, it helps them to share responsibilities and understand each other. It is often people thought that working mothers have a negative impact on their children, children who have a workers mothers are badly educated when their mothers are absent Doughty, As a result, women in India who were mostly known as homemakers are forced to go for jobs and take up even careers that were considered only suitable for men such as working in night shifts in call centers or BPOs.
They are left with no option but to fend for their families in all possible ways. Working women in India are faced with lot more challenges than their counterparts in the other parts of the world. In India men do not share on most of the household chores, it is women who have to cook, clean the house, do the dishes, wash clothes, get their children ready for school etc.
Men just took care of few chores that are to be dealt outside the house. So the major burden of running the family is on the shoulders of women. It was alright for women to handle all the chores as long as they were homemakers. Now with their increasing need for getting some income for the family, they have to work all the more harder. They have to take up a 9 to 5 job plus handle all the household chores that they handled as a homemaker.
Women have started sleeping lesser than before because only when they wake up early they can cook for the family, get themselves ready for the job, get their children ready for the schools, so on an average, women lost 2 hours of sleep per day and up to 14 hours sleep per week. If they happened to work in a highly pressurized environment, then they will bring home their work and that cuts few more hours of sleep.
It is not just about the reduced sleep, but such a lifestyle builds stress. This stress is passed on to the family and frustration level builds up in the family. This leads to relationship problems. Many Indian families are still living as joint families along with the parents and in-laws. This adds to their stress further because they have to please all the family members of her husband.
Listen to their complaints that they make against her and turn deaf ears towards them and so on. Overall, majority of women in India look towards or live in the hope that things will change. Some of us have given up that hope and learnt to accept that nothing can be done about it. India has a long way to go before our women will be able to live their lives to the full.
A theory on working mothers by Hochshild and Machung An increasing number of women nowadays are faced with the task of juggling the roles of mother and employee. Research has focused on two competing theories. Hochschild found that women who work outside the home are faced with a second shift or additional working month of 24 hours per annum compared to working men with children. Whilst on average men reported spending around 23 hours per week on childcare and 9 hours per week on housework, women reported 58 hours and 24 hours per week respectively.
Incompatibility between work and family life arises due to a number of factors. A study by Hoffman showed that work stress has an influence on the quality of the parent-child interaction in such a way that women who were not happy in their jobs used harsher methods of discipline and showed less affection with their children than those mothers who were happy at work. On the contrary, the work-family spillover may be a positive one.
A study by Reynolds,Callender and Edwards found that many mothers saw their work identity, work skills and their feelings about work as affecting their family relationships and home life in a positive way. Research suggests that there are a number of factors which may interact, having a buffering effect or, alternatively, intensifying the stress felt by working mothers. The decision to work or not to work outside the home whilst bringing up children is not an easy one. Many women, due to financial constraints, do not feel that they have a choice.
Such support would not only reduce the stress felt by mothers but benefit the family unit as a whole. There are two sides to every coin. Working mothers have advantages as well as certain problems.
But I believe that it is all about balance. Working mothers have several advantages to their families. Mothers teach their children independence, curiosity, and ambition. Independence is often a challenge, but when successful, independence is an accomplishment.
Ambition comes from the gifts mothers give to their children about how to live their lives to the fullest potential. Ambition is contagious and children need a role model to encourage their dreams.
At the same time the child may also feel neglected and they mother could undergo tremendous amounts of pressures. Work at office and home can sometimes be difficult to juggle with. That could lead to the mother to fall sick- Depression, anxiety, hypertension, extreme fatigue are few of the may illnesses that can occur. The aim of the field study was to find out the reason of the mother to go to work, the perks and pay scale offered by the company- whether they were happy with it or not.
The illnesses that may occur and also to find out whether there are any gender differences at the work place. The method used was a questionnaire.
I distributed this questionnaire to 25 people all in different fields of work in different organizations. My main points of focus were: I gave out 25 surveys all to working mothers from ages The details of the survey included their name, age. Age of child or children and nature of their job. Sr no Name Age Age of child Nature of job. I have tried approaching mothers working in different fields so as to give me better and accurate results.
I approached mothers who are working as teachers, doctors, desk job, executive assistants, managers, administrators, clerical staff, etc. I had to explain to them my reason of asking them to fill my survey. I told them that it was for my Industrial Psychology subject and that my topic was on Working Mothers. I made sure that the survey questions were easily understandable, concise and to the point.
Inorder to make things easier I gave multiple choice questions. My survey consisted of 17 questions and it would take not more than minutes to answer. I did not need to take any prior appointments with the mothers who filled my survey as most of them were my friends mothers and some of them were teachers from college itself. It was very kind of all the mothers to have filled my survey so patiently.
Some mothers did not want to reveal their age and names. This project went rather smoothly because everyone was very quick in giving back my surveys. After getting my surveys back, I then had to analyse and calculate the results. Later on in my project you will see that I have displayed the results with the help of graphical representation in the form of bar graphs and pie charts.
Below is a sample of the questionnaire that I had sent out. Strict confidentiality will be maintained and no details will be revealed. Please assess yourself honestly. I work o Part time 32 hours a week or less o Full time 32 hours or more per week o Other please specify: Why do you work? What would be ideal for you? Do you think that your relationship with your children would be any different if you stayed at home? What is the hardest part about being a working parent?
My workplace offers o Maternity leave o Babies at work o On site child care o Other perks please specify: Are you happy with the pay scale at work? Do you feel that you are treated equally to your male co-workers? Do you feel left out of the loop at work because you are a female?
Do you feel that you are given a fair share of opportunities? Do you feel that you get more advantages than your male co workers? If you could pick one thing that would make your life as a working parent better, which would it be? Since being a working parent, have you experienced any of these health problems? In general, would you say your work is? How would you rate your overall stress level in a typical week? My project is mainly focused on four aspects.
A Do you feel that you are treated equally to your male co-workers? B Do you feel left out of the loop because you are a female? C Do you feel that you are given a fair share of opportunities?
E Do you feel that you get more advantages than your male co-workers? Contrary to what has been said about gender differences prevailing within a workplace, it is not so. My survey proves my hypothesis of there being gender differences in a workplace wrong, the results show that there are infact barely any discrimination in ur workplace based on your gender.
They have to cook, clean etc. Working mothers are also prone to several health problems due to their tiring schedule. Inorder to make the lives of working mothers better, workplaces must offer additional family help, better child care, more paid leaves and flexible schedules. Most of the mothers are very happy with the payscale offered at work. Working mothers hold two full-time positions — being mom and also one of being a working person. She must be able to juggle between the job and family inorder to ensure all round happiness and peace in her life.
Inorder to overcome this constant struggle of juggling between family and work , working mothers must let certain things go. Everything need not be perfect. A working mother must learn to prioritise her work and family life. Generally speaking, the time you spend with family or on genuinely career-building projects will pass muster — but the extra three emails you can answer at 11 p. While I was conducting the surveys, I began chatting with a few mothers. They told me that they leave for work after they send their children to school and try getting back before their child comes home.
This ensures that they can spend quality time with their children and everyone else at home. Being a working mother is an exhausting task. But some mothers carry out both sides of the roles effortlessly. Its all about striking the right balance.
My survey proved this hypothesis wrong. This is also not true. Mothers feel that their relationship with their children is not affected by their career. In conclusion, I would like to say that.
These different roles create demands which are in violent conflict with each other: It is the duty of the working mother to be able to know whst is important and what is not. She must learn to master the art of balancing inorder to lead a fulfilling and happy life. If she wants to have it all, she most certainly can.
Do not bring office work home When at home, give undivided attention to your family Let go of what is not important Prioritize your life events Get enough sleep for yourself Plan family vacations Most importantlysome time with yourself. Ways to improve the project: Inorder to improve my project I could have given my surveys out to more mothers.
I should have tried finding mothers with opposing views and ideas I should have not asked them to mention their names and age because I think that it made them slightly uncomfortable and it may have affected their opinions.
I conducted an interview on Urvi Shah, she is an interior deigner aged 34 and is a mother of two boys aged 9 and I work because I enjoy it, it keeps me occupied when the kids are in school and also because it is my passion. Yes, my working hours are very flexible only when I do not have to go on site. If im doing a particular project then I have no specific work time because then everything goes hay wire, but until im in office I make it a point to be home before my children get home.
My family life comes first. That is my priority.
Working mothers essaysIn the past in a traditional family the man was responsible for all the financial matters and expenses, and the woman for the raising of the children and all the housework. But society has changed and along with it the family structure too; on many occasions today the women hel.
Working mothers should be supported by their families and governments for several reasons, working mothers have more knowledge and experience than mothers at home which impacts positively on their children future and their education.
Free working mothers papers, essays, and research papers. Working Mothers Essay Sample. Abstract This paper examines the benefits and the negatives of the mother who works either due to financial need or her own desire to .
Essay: Working Women and Family Many women today are facing choices that their mothers never had to face. One of these choices is whether or not to go back to work after having a child. The author of this sample essay is trying to cover the theme of working mothers. We think he managed to do it. Assure yourself by reading our article.