The USA a priori relies on traditional international instruments and mechanisms, which in a number if cases began to fail and malfunction due to the position of individual states. Especially evidently these problems showed during and after anti-Iraq campaign. For instance, Italy behaves warily in its support of Washington, but the most serious disturbing factor from both Iraqi campaign viewpoint and possible long-term implications was objection to American actions by the two most powerful European countries — France and Germany.
In European Union 10 countries out of 15 at that time their number was 15 opposed the US actions to different degree. In NATO, the number of opponents made up 11 out of thenits members. Actual split in the camp of American closest allies seriously weakens transatlantic security structures that have been the basis of cohesion for more than 50 years after the end of World War II.
Dealing with the realities of 21st century, it tries to sometimes apply not only the methods of 20th century, but even of the 19th with its interventionism, strive to privatize everything in the international relations, including antiterrorism. The mixture of new and old methods and worldviews is the source of uncertainties and potential dangers, obstacle in the process of creating new, realistic international relations system of the 21st century. The new tendencies are apparent in Europe, where still recently the development has been stable and predictable.
The special position of France and Germany deals with all set of European and transatlantic relations. Significant uncertainties deal with the destiny of NATO. The Alliance proved incapable of participation in anti-terrorist campaign against Al-Qaeda and Taliban in Afghanistan. It is difficult to evaluate if the Alliance will be able to confront new challenges, and if so, how quickly it will adapt to new circumstances.
Military operation against Iraq, especially position of Turkey, revealed the scope and the depth of the issues that NATO has to solve to pertain its positions as effective military-political organization. Taking into account all the contradictions that showed during the Iraqi crisis but have deep system roots, one cannot exclude the possibility that tendencies of prosperous development of Europe will be disturbed. Another uncertainty touches upon the security systems and their development trends in the 21st century.
Despite predictions that after the end of the Cold War the security system supported by military methods will cease, today we witness the processes when military aspects of security become the decisive factor once again.
The use of interventionism has become a widespread and common international practice, conflicts continue to emerge, weapons of mass destruction increasingly proliferate.
Mega terrorism adds to this picture its final sinister accent. Also, the paradigm of threats to national security has undergone cardinal change. If in the main attention was drawn to threats emerging from non-state institution, such as Al-Qaeda, today the whole states Iran, Iraq, North Korea are claimed to be the new sources of threats.
The mixture of old, traditional threats to national security with the new ones further complicates already contradictory system of international relations. What can be done to meet all those challenges and reduce their negative effects?
Again, the proper policy of the global superpower is needed. The USA should reconsider its global behavior from rejection of international principles, direct economic and power pressure on its allies, which causes growing resistance and has the adverse effect of diminishing American influence on the international arena, to setting comprehensible rules and strict adhering to them ensuring that the view of the majority of international actors is taken into account and their interests are not ignored.
American Government in a Changed World: The Effects of September 11, September 11, Ripple Effects or Paradigm Shift? Eastern Michgan Univesity, National Commission on Terrorist Attacks.
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Comments 0 Please log in to add your comment. September 11th constitutes a horrific event in the history of the United States that continues to influence our societal, political and personal decisions. These attacks were carried out with four American planes hijacked by 19 al-Qaeda terrorists , 2 targeted the World Trade Centers and succeeded in the plan to crash into them. One is believed to have targeted the White House however the people on the plane managed to gain control and then crashed in a field in Pennsylvania par.
Although there were no primary credible claims of responsibility, Saudi millionaire and known terrorist Osama Bin Laden was named the prime suspect. Bush had declared a "Global War on Terror" and led the nation into a war in Afghanistan. During an emergency joint session of the United States congress George Bush made a speech, during which he pledged that justice would be served to those responsible for the attacks and announced the creation of the Office of Homeland Security.
The commission stated that the United States intelligence agencies were not well organized and the country was not prepared to respond to attacks. Bush had declared in Afghanistan continues to wage on. The Office of Homeland Security is focused on creating a federal plan to combat domestic terrorism World Trade Center and Pentagon attacks par.
September 11th Research Paper: September 11th constitutes a horrific event in the history of the United States that continues to influence our societal, political and personal decisions. The Events Of September 11th Thesis Statement On September 11, the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in.
Papers Research publishes scientific papers addressing aspects of the September 11th attack. The destruction of the Twin Towers. Source Related to Exceptionally High Temperatures, and/or to Persistent Heat at Ground Zero;.
Title Slide of 9 11 research paper. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. 9/11 Research: Eye-opening research on 9/11 from major media websites with direct links for verification suggest a major cover-up. Great place to start doing your own 9/11 research.
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