While free essays can be traced by Turnitin plagiarism detection program , our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Our writing service will save you time and grade. Each day this serious problem increases, many people believe that this issue is too small to deal with right now this issue should be met head on and solved before it is too late. In the following paragraphs I will be discussing the impact has on the wildlife and how our atmosphere is being destroyed by acid rain.
In Canada, the main sulphuric acid sources are non- ferrous smelters and power generation. In the air, the sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides can be transformed into sulphuric acid and nitric acid, and air current can send them thousands of kilometres from the source. When the acids fall to the earth in any form it will have large impact on the growth or the preservation of certain wildlife. However, large areas of Ontario that are near the Pre-Cambrian Shield, with quartzite or granite based geology and little top soil, there is not enough buffering capacity to neutralize even small amounts of acid falling on the soil and the lakes.
Therefore over time, the basic environment shifts from an alkaline to a acidic one. This is why many lakes in the Muskoka, Haliburton, Algonquin, Parry Sound and Manitoulin districts could lose their fisheries if sulphur emissions are not reduced substantially. Already Ontario lakes are completely dead or dying.
An additional 48 are sensitive and vulnerable to acid rain due to the surrounding concentrated acidic soils. Canada does not have as many people, power plants or automobiles as the United States, and yet acid rain there has become so severe that Canadian government officials called it the most pressing environmental issue facing the nation.
But it is important to bear in mind that acid rain is only one segment, of the widespread pollution of the atmosphere facing the world. Each year the global atmosphere is on the receiving end of 20 billion tons of carbon dioxide, million tons of suffer dioxide, 97 million tons of hydrocarbons, 53 million tons of nitrogen oxides, more than three million tons of arsenic, cadmium, lead, mercury, nickel, zinc and other toxic metals, and a host of synthetic organic compounds ranging from polychlorinated biphenyls PCBs to toxaphene and other pesticides, a number of which may be capable of causing cancer, birth defects, or genetic imbalances.
A wide range of interactions can occur many unknown with toxic metals. In Canada, Ontario alone has lost the fish in an estimated lakes and provincial authorities calculate that Ontario stands to lose the fish in 48 more lakes within the next twenty years if acid rain continues at the present rate. Ontario is not alone, on Nova Scotia's Eastern most shores, almost every river flowing to the Atlantic Ocean is poisoned with acid. It can scar the leaves of hardwood forest, wither ferns and lichens, accelerate the death of coniferous needles, sterilize seeds, and weaken the forests to a state that is vulnerable to disease infestation and decay.
In the soil the acid neutralizes chemicals vital for growth, strips others from the soil and carries them to the lakes and literally retards the respiration of the soil. Acid rain no longer falls exclusively on the lakes, forest, and thin soils of the Northeast it now covers half the continent.
EFFECTS There is evidence that the rain is destroying the productivity of the once rich soils themselves, like an overdose of chemical fertilizer or a gigantic drenching of vinegar. The damage of such overdosing may not be repairable or reversible. On some croplands, tomatoes grow to only half their full weight, and the leaves of radishes wither. Naturally it rains on cities too, eating away stone monuments and concrete structures, and corroding the pipes which channel the water away to the lakes and the cycle is repeated.
Paints and automobile paints have its life reduce due to the pollution in the atmosphere speeding up the corrosion process. The soil will dry up and stay hard until it is watered if this continues then there will be no more plants on Earth and if there is no more plants on Earth then all humans will die because plants have air and without air people will die. Acid-Rain can effect not only water and water environments but it can effect land.
Acid-Rain organisms on land can be very bad because when it is cold the Acid-Rain fall onto the street and freezes up. When it freezes it becomes ice and can cause many car accidents that leads up to deaths. When Acid-Rains falls it kills animals homes all at the same time leaving nothing but broken trees and hard soil.
People help with Acid-Rain in away because we pollute the air with our cars and other things that give off gas and Acid-Rain pollutes the air as it come down so nature and humans are polluting the air.
Acid- Rain do not effect just water environments and land but one of the serious side effects of acid rain on human is "respiratory" problems. The dioxide and nitrogen oxide emission gives risk to respiratory problems such as dry coughs, asthma, headaches, eye, nose, and throat irritation. Polluted rainfall is especially harmful to those who suffer from asthma or those who have a hard time breathing.
But even healthy people can have their lungs damaged by acid air and rain. Acid rain can aggravate a person's ability to breathe and may increase disease which could lead to death. The United States provide a glimpse of such costs. The only cost-effective solution to the problem, according to many people, is to reduce emissions at their point of origin.
Anyone investigating acid rain should update these figures. In conclusion, all these things kills off the forest in so many different ways if it is not by Acid-Rain then it is by cars. When we do things we are killing our self. So Acid-Rain can kill things that we need so know everybody knows about what it and everybody has heard of it and everybody knows what it does now. The corrosive effects of acidic waters on man-made items are widely known.
On the other hand, we only can speak mostly in generalities when discussing the effects of acid-rain on natural environments. The short-term danger from acid rain is mostly to forest and lake ecosystems, which are very sensitive to chemical imbalances in their environment.
With the loss of these ecosystems that effectively moderate the pH of surface run-off water in many areas, the effect of acid rain on local water supplies could become more pronounced in the future. Where does the pollutant that forms acid rain come from? How is acid rain formed? Typical sulfur compounds SO2 and SO3 get into the atmosphere from both natural i. Nitrogen compounds also get into the atmosphere and form acids, although the natural sources are much more limited.
The biggest non-natural source is burning fossil fuels, especially gasoline. There are many problems and effects caused by acid rain. Acid rain can cause buildings, statues and bridges to deteriorate faster than usual. It disrupts lake ecosystems and kill wildlife in affected lakes, rivers and streams. Acid rain also damages soil and the tree roots in it. When soil is acidified, tree roots are damaged, leaving them not able to draw in enough nutrients to support the tree. When acid rain falls on trees, it makes their leaves turn brownish-yellow and the tree can no longer carry out photosynthesis properly.
Another problem is it will harm people when they breathe in smog, acid rain in one of its many forms. Acid rain can also harm people in-directly. This happens when people eat fish caught in affected lakes or rivers.
Also, if the water source is acidic enough, it will react with copper or lead pipes to harm humans. It also washes aluminum into the water supply. Birds can be harmed if they live in affected waters or feed on fish living in affected waters. This picture shows the total effects of a factory polluting the air through these steps: A factory by a lake releases smoke into the air 2.
Dry deposition from the smoke falls into the lake 3. The wind causes the acid rain cloud to travel 5. Acid rain falls on a forest and acid snow falls on a mountain 6. After all this, the lake is affected, the river is affected, the soil is affected and the vegetation is affected Thanks to: In conclusion, the two primary sources of acid rain is sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide.
Automobiles are the main source of nitrogen oxide emissions, and utility factories are the main source for sulfur dioxide emissions. When these acids fall back to the earth they do not cause damage to just the environment but also to human health. Acid rain kills plant life and destroys life in lakes and ponds. The pollutants in acid rain causes problem in human respiratory systems. The pollutants attack humans indirectly through the foods they consumed.
They effected human health directly when humans inhale the pollutants. Governments have passed laws to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, but it is no use unless people start to work together in stopping the release of these pollutants. If the acid rain destroys our environment, eventually it will destroy us as well. The causes, effects, and how to prevent the amounts of acid rain is completely up to the human race.
The cause of acid rain is simple. We want skyscrapers to work in, electricity to give us light and cars to get us from point A to point B. The gases such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen monoxide, and nitrogen dioxide are created from the production of steel and iron, utility factories and crude oil processing.
The smelting of metal sulfate ore produces pure metal. Metals such as zinc, nickel and copper are obtained by this process. When air pollution is breathed in as people walk along the street, it gets into their lungs. Once in the lungs, it acts like a poison, causing the airways in the respiratory system to become narrower.
This lets in less oxygen and breathing becomes difficult. If SO2 is breathed in, it can pass deep into the alveoli, which is where oxygen is passed into the blood. The moisture in the lungs can turn the sulphur dioxide into sulphuric acid, and cause damage to the body. In some polluted cities, such as those in California, smog stations have been set up to monitor the output of polluting exhaust gases. There are many other ways of combating this problem, however, the best way to solve this issue is to prevent emissions of pollutants in the first place.
Reducing the amount of NOx emissions caused by car exhaust is an effective solution. Public transport systems need to be improved so that people can travel without having to use their cars. If more people used public transport, it would cut the number of private vehicles on the roads, and would reduce pollution dramatically.
Everybody needs to work together to reduce pollutants to make the world a safer and healthier place to live. You can also order a custom essay, term paper, research paper, thesis or dissertation on Acid Rain from our professional custom writing service which provides students with high-quality custom written papers. Order a custom written paper of high quality Professional Writers only.
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Acid rain is the cause of all of this and much more. Acid rain is a widespread term used to describe all forms of acid precipitation rain, snow, hail, fog, etc. /5(3).
Acid rain is a rain or any other form of precipitation like snow that is acidic. Acid rain is downpour containing harmful quantities of nitric and sulfuric acids which released into the atmosphere. When fossil fuels are burned, harmful emotions released into the air.
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