He himself faced discrimination on several occasions. He was once disallowed to travel on first-class and thrown out of the train. Throughout his struggle, he taught people to fight for their rights through non-violence. He returned to India in Later, he was the president of Indian National Congress.
He protested against the mis-rule of the British Government. On several occasions, he was sent to prison. There was wide participation of women in the freedom movements led by Gandhi. Non-cooperation was his great weapon. It was a movement of the masses of India. Gandhiji produced salt at Dandi without paying the salt tax. The Civil Disobediance Movement movement got support of millions of common people.
He followed the principles of non-violence, truth and peace throughout his life. He proved that Ahimsa non-violence is more powerful than the sword. Gandhian era in Indian History: He shook off the British imperialism. The British were compelled to quit India. He was, thus, a saintly leader. Finally, India won its independence on 15th day of August in In India, Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every-year on the day of his birth-anniversary.
Karamchand was his father and Putlibai was his mother. His father was a hereditary diwan of a petty princely state in erstwhile Kathiwara. They belonged to the caste of Vaishya. He passed matriculation at the age of 17 and then studied for some time in a college at Bhavnagar. When quite young, he tried eating meat and smoking but instantly he was overcome with deep remorse, repentance and revulsion. Similarly, when his father was dying, he was busy enjoying sex with his wife Kasturba Gandhi.
When he came to know about the death of his father he was overwhelmed with a sense of shock and remorse. These petty misadventures and experiments of his formative years left indelible impression on his young mind and later we see him taking a strict vow of celibacy, non-injury and compassion towards all living beings.
Thus, he developed sharp and strong ideas about a number of important things of life. The voyage was nothing short of a revolutionary step for him because for a traditional family of Gandhi it was a sort of sacrilege.
The whole vaishya community, to which he belonged, felt outraged and so declared him an outcast. His voyage across the sea to London was regarded as the flagrant violation of the orthodox and traditional Hindu tenets being in practice for many thousand years. Before his departure to London, he took a solemn vow to abstain from meat, wine and sex.
In London, he had a very unhappy and restless life as he felt like a square peg in a round hole in the so sophisticated English society and milieu. He remained almost an outcast although he tried to ape the English youth. All his attempts to become a fashionable English gentleman again proved a misadventure as his attempts to smoke and eating meat had proved earlier in India.
Therefore, he gave up these attempts of becoming a gentleman and decided to follow his own nature. In , he passed his Bar-at-Law examination and in the summer of the same year returned to India, to his great relief, and he was called to the Bar at Bombay but again as a praclicener of law, he proved a miserable failure.
His self- consciousness was too great a stumbling block to overcome. Then he went to South Africa in April to help a distant relation in legal matters. His long stay in Africa proved a blessing in disguise and really a turning point.
In South Africa, Gandhi was subjected to too much humiliation, indignities and apartheid. He was even thrown out of a train because he dared to travel in the first class with a white man. These trials, tribulations and travails helped him a lot to ponder hard on the matter and to turn towards God for light, guidance and help.
This process of deep introspection and prayer, soon transformed him into a determined vocal, analytical and committed person. Spiritually, he grew in stature rapidly and found his self-confidence and moorings. He resolved to renounce wealth and materialistic possessions to become a true Karma yogi. He then took a vow of strict celibacy with the due knowledge and consent of his wife Kasturba. He set up Phoenix Farm near Durban and continued his experiments with truth and soul-searching. These studies strengthened further his convictions, resolves and vows regarding non-violence, brahamcharya, non-possession, devotion to God and service to the humanity at large.
He had his first practice session in non-violence, civil disobedience and service on a very small scale. He led the Indian community against very discriminatory and prejudicial laws which required them to be registered and finger-printed and carry special identity cards.
It was an object lesson in how to serve the mankind which earned him appreciation and admiration of many in the government and the public.
He returned to India in and was accorded a very warm reception on his return to his country on January 9. He established an ashram on the bank of river Sabarmati, near Ahmadabad on the same lines and principles on which had done so in South Africa.
He came under the influence of moderate Congress leader Gopal Krishna Gokhle, and began to regard himself as his follower. He championed the cause of the indigo farmers of Champaran in Bihar against their exploitation. In he began the Kheda peasant satyagraha and then a movement against Rowlett Act by giving nationwide call for hartal for a day.
- Highlight and assess Gandhi’s critique of “modern civilization” and relate it to the debate about the nature and practice of development that surfaced with Gandhi’s exchange with Nehru [in Sudhir Chandra’s essay] and continue into the .
Gandhi was a prolific writer who published works in a variety of genres, including essays, poetry, letters, philosophy, and autobiography, and his works are chiefly noted for revealing the development of his religious philosophy, social program, and political technique of Satyagraha.
Gandhi Jayanti: In India, Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated every-year on the day of his birth-anniversary. It is a national holiday. It is a national holiday. The world celebrates 2nd October as the International day of non-violence. Mahatma Gandhi Essay 5 ( words) Mahatma Gandhi was a great freedom fighter who spent his whole life in struggle for the independence of India. He was born in the Indian Hindu family on 2 nd of October in in the Porbander, Gujarat. He lived his whole as a leader of the Indian people. His whole life story is a great inspiration for us.
Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, in Probander India. Gandhi's real name is Mohandas. He is called Mahatma because Mahatma means "Great Soul" and was called this for his mind on the matter of Indian rights. Mahatma Gandhi - Father of The Nation is an essay witten by Ritu Johari on Gandhiji. This section contains Prize-winning Essays of the classical contest organised by CITYJAN Newsweekly, Navi Mumbai on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti on 2nd October,